One of my favorite parts of living in Louisiana is all the history that surrounds our state. With so many museums & attractions that showcase American History, it’s hard not to enjoy all these features with our family on the weekends. Recently, we took our children to visit Fort Pike. Fort Pike is located about 20+ miles from downtown New Orleans. We enjoyed a picnic lunch on 4th of July (holiday was very fitting) and loved the beautiful scenery of the location. Having lunch at Fort Pike is free but we decided to see if they were running tours despite it being a National Holiday. We lucked out because they were running tours and eventually had a nice little group visiting Fort Pike as well.
As you can see by our pictures, our children had a great time stepping into Louisiana history. Fort Pike was the first fort built by the U.S Government. My kids loved seeing the cannons, the citadel, and all the resources that were available throughout the tour. The $4 entrance fee is what helped support the recent renovations since Hurricane Katrina. If your traveling in New Orleans or even passing through the area, please make sure to stop and visit Fort Pike. It is such a beautiful location and filled with so much history, that it is a perfect family friendly locations.
More information on Fort Pike:
Begun in 1819 and completed in 1826, Fort Pike was named for the explorer and soldier General Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813) whose name is also attached to Pike’s Peak in the Rocky Mountains. Fort Pike is the first of the Third System fortifications, a group of brick and masonry structures built between 1816 and 1867. The fort was designed to withstand attack from land or sea.
Although the United States survived the War of 1812, the British destruction of our nation’s capital and their attack on New Orleans emphasized the weakness of our country’s defense. To prevent a foreign invasion from occurring again, President James Monroe ordered the placement of an extensive coastal defense system. These new fortifications, together with existing ones, stretched along the entire Atlantic and Gulf coasts and protected strategic ports and rivers such as New Orleans and the Mississippi. Forts Pike and Macomb (also called Fort Wood) were two of six new masonry forts built in coastal Louisiana at this time. Together with Forts Jackson and St. Philip on the Mississippi River and Fort Livingston on Barataria Bay, these fortifications protected New Orleans from a seaborne invasion.
The original armament of Fort Pike consisted of 32-pounder and 24-pounder cannons; the exact number of each type is unknown. At various times the fort held other types of cannons. The wartime garrison was approximately 400 men; in peacetime it varied between one and 80 soldiers.
Fort Pike stands as a fascinating of Louisiana’s military history. Fort Pike’s role in the military affairs of the United States prior to the Civil War varied considerably. During the Seminole Wars in the 1830s, Fort Pike served as a staging area for many troops en route to Florida, and also as a collection point for hundreds of Seminole prisoners and their black slaves who were being transported to Oklahoma. Cannons were removed from some of the casemates to convert them to cells. At one point in this conflict, only 66 soldiers guarded 253 Indian and black prisoners.
Similarly, during the Mexican War in the 1840s, Fort Pike was a stopover for soldiers bound for Texas and Mexico. In between these wars, Fort Pike was largely abandoned and left in the care of a single ordnance sergeant.
In 1861, the silence of Fort Pike was broken. Before the actual start of the Civil War, the Louisiana militia captured the fort. Confederates held it until the Union forces took New Orleans in 1862, whereupon the Confederates evacuated Fort Pike. Union forces then reoccupied the fort, using it as a base for raids along the Gulf coast and Lake Pontchartrain area and as a protective outpost for New Orleans. The Union also used Fort Pike as a training center, where former slaves were taught to use heavy artillery. These troops became part of the United States Colored Troops, who played an important role in the outcome of many battles, including the siege at Port Hudson. Yet, in spite of all this activity, not a single cannonball was ever fired in battle from Fort Pike.
Fort Pike was again left to the care of an ordnance sergeant from 1871 until it was officially abandoned in 1890. In 1972 it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places, an honorary designation for significant historic sites.
( Reference Credit: ©2011 LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE RECREATION AND TOURISM http://www.crt.state.la.us/parks/ifortpike.aspx
All Photographs in this blog post were taken by my family. The use of these pictures are not allowed without my permission.